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Tire Sizes Explained

What are the different parts of a tire size?

There are five different parts of a tire size:


The first number or second letter in a tire size represents the nominal width. Width is measured in a straight line from the furthest point on one sidewall, across the tread, to the furthest point on the opposite sidewall. If there is any question whether or not a larger than OEM tire will fit your bike, youre encouraged to call Tech Service. The different size numbering systems specify widths in different measurements. You can view a width cross reference table below .

Aspect Ratio

Aspect Ratios indicate a tires cross-sectional profile. The smaller the number, the lower the profile. It expresses the height to width ratio as a percent. A 90 aspect ratio means the tire's cross sectional height is 90% of it's width. The aspect ratio appears immediately after the width in the Metric, Alpha and Low Profile Inch numbering systems.

Speed Rating

Speed Ratings are internationally recognized maximum speeds at which the tire may be used with maximum load when the maximum listed inflation pressure is used. Maximum loads and inflation pressures are found on the sidewalls of the tires. Speed ratings are coded by a letter, which appears directly after the width, aspect ratio, or as part of a three digit Load/Speed Index, found on the tire directly after the complete size designation. The letters and their corresponding speeds are listed in the table below.

Speed Ratings
Code Letter Max. MPH Max. KPH
J 62 100
K 68 110
L 75 120
M 81 130
N 87 140
P 93 150
Q 99 160
R 106 170
S 112 180
T 118 190
U 124 200
H 130 210
V220 137 220
V230 143 230
V or V240 149 240
V250 155 250
V260 161 260
W or V270 168 270
V280 174 280
V290 180 290
Y or V300 186 300
Z above 149 above 240

Since Z-rated tires have no recognized speed ceiling, the rating simply means higher than 149mph.

Tire Construction

The Tire Construction, when included in the size numbering, is listed after the speed rating. The two options for tire construction are Belted (B) or Radial (R). A belted tire has fiberglass, Kevlar, or aramid fiber belts for added strength and load capacity, however not all belted tires will have the B designation. If a tire does not have the Radial (R) designation, it is a bias-ply tire.

Rim Diameter

Rim diameter is the diameter of the rim/wheel on which the tire will be mounted, in inches.

Additional Information

Some tires may have additional information in their size, for example WW, meaning it's a white wall tire. If the size is followed by TT, it means that it is a tube type tire, which requires an inner air tube. TL means it's a tubeless tire. Others may have M/C at the end of the size, which simply means it is a motorcycle tire.

Tire Size Numbering Systems

There are four different motorcycle tire size systems currently in use. The systems can have up to the five parts listed above. The different systems are:


Examples: 180/55ZR-17 · M130/80-18 · 130/80HB-18 · 130/80H-18

The Metric tire size system is the most common and also the most descriptive. Metric sized tires are used on just about every type of motorcycle, from the latest sport bikes, to cruisers, touring bikes and everything in between. An "M" sometimes precedes a metric size when there is no speed rating used. It simply means that it is a motorcycle tire. Another letter is sometimes used after the speed rating to indicate belted (B) or radial (R) tire construction.

In the first example above, 180 is the width in millimeters, 55 is the aspect ratio (cross-section height is 55% of the width), Z is the speed rating (149+ mph), R specifies it's a radial construction tire, and 17 is the wheel diameter in inches.


Examples: MT90S-16 · MT90HB-16

The Alpha size designation is most often used for touring motorcycle tires. They can be belted even without the B designation, which can appear after the speed rating.

In the first example above, M states that it is a motorcycle tire. T is the width (see cross-reference chart) 90 is the aspect ratio (cross-section height is 90% of the width). S is the speed rating (112mph) and 16 is the wheel diameter in inches. Since there is no designation of construction after the speed rating, it is a bias-ply tire.

Standard Inch

Example: 3.25H-19

The Standard Inch systems are found on older motorcycles. Tires with these Inch markings do not include an aspect ratio designation, which is 100%. It means the cross-section tire height is 100% of the width. Inch size tires are all bias-ply construction and not belted. They are no longer being fitted on new motorcycles and are gradually being phased out of use.

In the above size, 3.25 is the width, H is the speed rating, and 19 is the rim diameter in inches. The aspect ratio is not listed, but is 100% of the tire width.

Low Profile Inch

Examples: 4.25/85H-18 · 4.60S-16

This is also called the 82% Series Size System because the aspect ratio, when unspecified, is 82%. The tire's cross-section height is 82% of its width, except in cases where it's listed as 85%, as in the first example above. This system is limited to very few sizes and the motorcycle manufacturers are no longer using tires with this size system.

Tire Width Cross Reference Table

The table below illustrates the relationship between different tire size systems. Use it to compare the various widths and determine possible replacement sizes. Motorcycle tires are manufactured all around the world using different size designations, therefore we cannot imply exact interchangeability. Do not use for tires with aspect ratios lower than 80.

Permissible Rim Widths Metric Alpha Standard Inch Low Profile Inch
1.60, 1.85 70 MG 2.75 -
1.60, 1.85 80 MH 3.00 3.60
1.85, 2.15 90 MJ 3.25 3.60
1.85, 2.15 90 ML 3.50 4.10
2.15, 2.50 100 MM 3.75 4.10
2.15, 2.50, 2.75 110 MN 4.00 4.60
2.15, 2.50, 2.75 110 MP 4.25 4.25/85
2.15, 2.50, 2.75 120 MR 4.50 4.25/85
2.15, 2.50, 2.75 120 MS 4.75 5.10
2.50, 2.75, 3.00 130 MT 5.00 5.10
2.75, 3.00, 3.50 140 MU 5.50 -
3.50, 4.00 150 MV 6.00 -
4.00, 4.50 160 - 6.25 -